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G7 Summit: Rich Countries Plan to Prevent Future Pandemics

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Leaders of the G7 alliance of seven industrialized nations have finalized a plan to prevent a future global epidemic like the coronavirus epidemic that is destroying lives and livelihoods. However, the UN Secretary-General has called for doubling vaccine production to ensure its equitable distribution.

The announcement at the alliance’s summit in Carbis Bay in Cornwall, on the southwestern tip of England, has been described as the Carbis Bay Declaration on Health. The plan includes reducing the deadline for diagnosis, treatment, and vaccine innovation and approval to 100 days, strengthening the global network to monitor the emergence of potential infectious diseases, enhancing the capability of genome sequencing, reforming and strengthening the World Health Organization. In the declaration, this system of surveillance of infectious diseases is called ‘Pandemic Radar’. The announcement also calls for the establishment of an animal vaccine innovation and production center at The Pirbright Institute in the United Kingdom to control animal-borne diseases before they spread to humans. The organization will be funded by the UK Government and the Melinda French Gates Foundation.

The Group of Seven is an inter-governmental political forum consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

To address the global crisis created by the corona vaccine, the conference announced the provision of 100 million doses of vaccine to developing countries by next year. Of these 100 million doses, the United States has announced 500 million and the United Kingdom 100 million doses ahead of the summit. Health experts have previously warned that it could take up to 2024 to complete the vaccination campaign around the world. However, the G-7 summit has called for the world to be vaccinated by the next year 2022.

According to Johns Hopkins University in the United States, more than 1.5 billion people worldwide have been infected with the coronavirus. More than 3.6 Million of them have died. Experts say that vaccinating 80 percent of the population would reduce the virus’s ability to cause harm or gain so-called hard immunity.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres welcomed the G7 plan but said more was needed to tackle the crisis. He warned that if people in developing countries could not be vaccinated quickly, further transmission of the coronavirus could occur and the virus could become resistant to new vaccines. He also emphasized the need for special financial assistance, considering the wartime economy.

The G7 countries have bought more than one-third of the vaccines produced.

There is a general consensus among experts on the demand for vaccines and the current production capacity and distribution capacity, saying that 1 billion to 1 billion doses of vaccines are needed to make the world risk-free.

So far, about 2.5 billion vaccines have been produced, more than one-third of which have been purchased by G7 countries, whose combined population is only 13 percent of the world’s total population. In contrast, sub-Saharan Africa has received less than 2 percent of the vaccine. UNICEF has called on G7 leaders to provide additional vaccines in their collection to these poor countries on an urgent basis.

Announcing 100 million doses of vaccine to developing countries by next year.
– The idea is to bring the world under vaccinated within the next year.

Ahead of the official announcement, former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown cautioned that the G7 plan was not enough. According to him, in order to make the world risk-free by 2022, its supply to poor countries will have to increase significantly in the next few months. To achieve this, new production capacity is required and effective measures must be taken to supply it to every continent. The world cannot be made safer by the surplus of the western countries or by waiting for them this summer and the next autumn. That’s why the G7 countries will spend at least 1.6 billion US dollars this year and called for a further Three trillion dollars for next year.

Head of the UK’s anti-poverty organization One Liz Wallace said the work of sharing the vaccine was not in a hurry. It needs to happen now.

At the same time, Gordon Brown called for the inclusion of G20 countries, including China and Russia, in an effort to provide vaccinations to all around the world. However, there is no indication of such a possibility from the G7 political agenda. The agenda includes economic revival, enabling the economy to survive epidemics, foreign policy, free society, and climate and nature conservation. In foreign policy discussions, the United States has proposed a “Build Back Better World” initiative in response to China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

Observers say the message that the United States is once again taking the lead in the international arena as a leader of the free world is gaining ground at this summit. China is becoming increasingly influential and the existing political conflict with Russia is also having an impact on global health disasters.

G7 countries hold special invitation talks with leaders of the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, and Canada leaders from Australia, South Africa, and South Korea and the UN Secretary-General took part. And the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi took part in the video connection. In addition, the head of the World Health Organization, the IMF, the head of the World Bank also took part in the video connection.

The Covid which causes Covid-19 is thought to have crossed from creatures to people, turning into a zoonotic sickness.

It is trusted the new UK Animal Vaccine Manufacturing and Innovation Center at The Pirbright Institute in Surrey will stop new creature-borne sicknesses before they put individuals in danger.

The middle will be sponsored by £10 million from the UK Government and £14.5 million from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
The middle will draw on Pirbright’s reality driving ability to speed up the conveyance of antibodies for animal sicknesses.
These represent a danger to individuals in the event that they transform to get contagious to people and can annihilate horticulture.
The middle will quickly survey promising new advances in the field, and create and test novel immunizations for arising infections.

The final manifesto discusses whether there will be any further steps, including financial investment, to tackle the epidemic. Without it, the outcome of the summit could be called into question.

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